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Ultra compact direct hydrogen fuel cell prototype using a metal hydride hydrogen storage tank for a mobile phone
- Kim, Sung Han, Miesse, Craig M., Lee, Hee Bum, Chang, Ik Whang, Hwang, Yong Sheen, Jang, Jae Hyuk, Cha, Suk Won
- Applied energy 2014 v.134 pp. 382-391
- alloys, collectors, electric power, electrolytes, energy density, hydrides, hydrogen, hydrogen fuel cells, lithium batteries, polymers, prototypes
- The small fuel cell is being researched as an alternative power source to the Li-ion battery in mobile phone. In this paper, a direct hydrogen fuel cell system which powers a mobile phone without a supplementary battery is compactly integrated below 25ml volume at the backside of the phone. The system consists of a small (8ml) metal hydride hydrogen storage tank with 4L hydrogen storage or an energy density of ∼640Wh/L, a thin air-breathing planar polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) stack (13.44cm²×3mm for a volumetric power density of 335W/L), miniature pressure regulator, and a high efficiency DC–DC voltage converting circuitry. The hydrogen storage tank is packed with the AB5 type metal hydride alloy. The eight-cell air-breathing planar stack (8ml) is very thin (3mm) due to a thin flexible printed circuit board current collectors as well as a unique riveting assembly and is capable of a robust performance of 2.68W (200mW/cm²). A miniature pressure regulator is compact with fluidic and electrical connections within 4ml. A miniature DC–DC voltage converter operates at an overall efficiency of 90%. Consequently, the estimated energy density of a fully integrated fuel cell system is 205Wh/L (70.5Wh/kg).