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Acute toxicity and genotoxicity study of fermented traditional herb formula Guibi-tang

Park, Hwayong, Hwang, Youn-Hwan, Yang, Hye Jin, Kim, Hyun-Kyu, Song, Kyung Seuk, Ma, Jin Yeul
Journal of ethnopharmacology 2014 v.156 pp. 182-189
Chinese hamsters, Escherichia, Salmonella, acute toxicity, animal ovaries, bacteria, body weight changes, chromosome aberrations, dietary exposure, freeze drying, genotoxicity, glycyrrhizin, health services, herbs, ingredients, laboratory animals, liquid chromatography, mice, micronucleus tests, mutation, rats, signs and symptoms (animals and humans), therapeutics, traditional medicine, East Asia
Guibi-tang (Guipi-tang in Chinese and Kihi-to in Japanese) is a multi-herb traditional medicine commonly prescribed to treat psychoneurosis in East Asia. Although this medicine has been widely used, there is little available information on the safety and toxicity of Guibi-tang, especially on the fermented one.Guibi-tang, composed of 12 herbs, was fermented with bacteria and lyophilized. Single dose acute toxicity in rats was observed for 14 days after administration. Genetic toxicity of fermented Guibi-tang was evaluated on bacterial reverse mutation in Salmonella and Escherichia spp., chromosome aberrations in Chinese hamster ovary cells, and micronucleus formation in mice. Ingredients in FGBT were identified and quantified by high performance liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry.In acute oral toxicity study, behavior, clinical signs and body weight changes were normal observing in all experimental animals. No revertant colonies were found in any bacterial cultures examined. Morphological or numerical anomalies and significant increased number of aberrant metaphases were not observed. Micronucleus assay showed no significant increases in the frequency of inducing micronuclei in any dose examined. Decursinol, decursin, glycyrrhizin, and 6-gingerol in fermented Guibi-tang were identified and quantitated. As a whole, no acute and genotoxic effects were found in all the assays and parameters analyzed.Fermented Guibi-tang was recognized as safe and non-toxic, and therefore can be used for applications of traditional medicine in modern complementary and alternative therapeutics and health care.