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Novel Biodegradable Graft-Modified Water-Soluble Copolymer Using Acrylamide and Konjac Glucomannan for Enhanced Oil Recovery

Gou, Shaohua, Li, Shiwei, Feng, Mingming, Zhang, Qin, Pan, Qinglin, Wen, Jun, Wu, Yuanpeng, Guo, Qipeng
Industrial & engineering chemistry process design and development 2017 v.56 no.4 pp. 942-951
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, acrylamides, acrylic acid, biodegradability, biodegradation, composite polymers, copolymerization, hydrolysis, konjac mannan, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, oils, polyacrylamide, polyethylene glycol, process design, salt tolerance, scanning electron microscopy, temperature, thermogravimetry, viscoelasticity, water solubility
Synthesis of a novel biodegradable hydrosoluble graft-copolymer named KGM-g-AM-g-AA-g-APEG was carried out using konjac glucomannan, acrylamide, acrylic acid, and allyl polyoxyethylene ether via free-radical copolymerization. Effective characterization methods , including XRD, TGA, FT-IR, ¹H NMR, and SEM, were adopted to evaluate the graft-copolymer. The good biodegradability of the graft-copolymer was confirmed, with a degradation rate >60% in 28 days, by a biological degradation experiment. Subsequently, it was found that the graft-copolymer showed superior shear resistance, shear reversible performance, temperature resistance, viscoelasticity, and salt tolerance compared with partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide under the same conditions through rheological experiments. What’s more, RF (14.1) and RRF (4.95) of the graft-copolymer provided a valuable proof of the capability of mobility control and the great flooding effect with enhancing oil recovery by 13.76% in the presence of 6700 mg/L salt solution at 65 °C according to the core flooding tests.