Main content area

Removal of nickel from aqueous solution using supported zeolite-Y hollow fiber membranes

Muhamad, Norfazilah, Abdullah, Norfazliana, Rahman, Mukhlis A., Abas, Khairul Hamimah, Aziz, Azian Abd, Othman, Mohd Hafiz Dzarfan, Jaafar, Juhana, Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi
Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.19 pp. 19054-19064
X-ray diffraction, adsorption, aluminum oxide, aqueous solutions, atomic absorption spectrometry, filtration, heavy metals, hot water treatment, ions, models, nickel, pH, scanning electron microscopes, scanning electron microscopy, sorption isotherms
This work describes the development of supported zeolite-Y membranes, prepared using the hydrothermal method, for the removal of nickel from an aqueous solution. Alumina hollow fibers prepared using the phase inversion and sintering technique were used as an inert support. The supported zeolite-Y membranes were characterized using the field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and the water permeation and rejection test. The performance of the supported zeolite-Y membranes for heavy metal removal using batch adsorption and filtration test was studied using the atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). The adsorption study shows that the removal of nickel was pH-dependent but affected by the presence of α-alumina. The seeded zeolite-Y membrane gave the highest adsorption capacity which was 126.2 mg g⁻¹. This enabled the membrane to remove 63% of nickel ions from the aqueous solution within 180 min of contact time. The adsorption mechanism of nickel onto the zeolite-Y membrane was best fitted to the Freundlich isotherm. The kinetic study concluded that the adsorption was best fitted to pseudo-second-order model with higher correlation coefficient (R² = 0.9996). The filtration study proved that the zeolite-Y membrane enabled to reduce the concentration of heavy metal at parts per billion level.