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Effects of live feed containing Panagrellus redivivus and water depth on growth of Betta splendens larvae

Couto, Márcia Valéria Silva do, Sousa, Natalino da Costa, Abe, Higo Andrade, Dias, Joel Artur Rodrigues, Meneses, Juliana Oliveira, Paixão, Peterson Emmanuel Guimarães, Cunha, Fernanda dos Santos, Ramos, Fabrício Menezes, Maria, Alexandre Nizio, Carneiro, Paulo Cesar Falanghe, Fujimoto, Rodrigo Yudi
Aquaculture research 2018 v.49 no.8 pp. 2671-2675
Artemia, Panagrellus redivivus, feeding methods, larvae, live feeds, protein content, shrimp, specific growth rate, weight gain
Panagrellus redivivus is a nematode with a high protein content and low‐cost production. It is successfully used in the larviculture of shrimp, however, it has not yet been evaluated as feed for Betta splendens larvae. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate P. redivivus as feed for betta larvae maintained at different depths of water. The experiment was based on a completely randomized 3 × 2 factorial design, represented by two feed types and one alternating feeding regime plus two water depths (2.5 and 5.0 cm). The Artemia feed promoted the highest weight gain, followed by the alternating feeding regime. The single use of the nematode as live feed produced the poorest weight gain. The water depth and the feeding method influenced the specific growth rate (SGR). At a depth of 2.5 cm, the alternating feeding promoted similar SGR compared to fish fed with Artemia only. Furthermore, at the greater water depth an improvement in SGR was observed in fish fed Artemia only, but the similarity to alternating feeding regime remains. Thus, the inclusion of nematode is an appropriate and lower cost feed strategy for the betta larviculture independent of water depths.