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Preparation of polyethersulfone/plant-waste-particles mixed matrix membranes for adsorptive removal of cationic dyes from water

Lin, Chia-Hao, Gung, Chin-Hau, Sun, Jia-Jun, Suen, Shing-Yi
Journal of membrane science 2014 v.471 pp. 285-298
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, adsorption, artificial colors, artificial membranes, banana peels, batch systems, biosorbents, desorption, electrostatic interactions, food waste, gentian violet, hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic bonding, ion exchange capacity, methanol, methylene blue, pH, porosity, porous media, potassium thiocyanate, pummelos, scanning electron microscopy, sodium sulfate, tea, thermogravimetry, wastewater, water treatment, zeta potential
This paper focuses on the preparation of porous mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) by filling plant waste particles in polyethersulfone (PES), specifically for adsorptive removal of cationic dyes from water. Three kinds of plant wastes, including banana peel, tea waste, and shaddock peel, were adopted as fillers to fabricate the MMMs via water-vapor-induced phase inversion. The prepared particles and MMMs were characterized by BET, FTIR, SEM, TGA, zeta potential, porosity, and ion-exchange capacity (IEC). In batch process, the saturated dye adsorption capacities of plant waste particles were found to be 1055–1173mg/g particles for methylene blue and 1085–1244mg/g particles for methyl violet 2B, which are larger than the corresponding results of biosorbents reported in the literature. The adsorptivities of the MMMs were essentially contributed from the filled plant waste particles. Desorption greater than 95% could be achieved with the use of 1M KSCN in 80% methanol, indicating that the cationic dyes were bound with the MMMs through a combination of electrostatic interaction, hydrophobic interaction, and hydrogen bonding. In the dead-end (flow-through) operation with one piece of 25mm MMM disc at 1mL/min, the original dye removal and recovery efficiencies could be successfully retained after three adsorption/desorption cycles no matter the feed was dilute solution (5mg/L, pH 4) or synthetic dye wastewater (200mg/L methylene blue, 100g/L Na2SO4, pH 10). The dynamic adsorption capacity for a 10cm×10cm membrane module was also investigated in both the cross-flow and dead-end modes. The MMM performance could be effectively repeated at a larger membrane area scale in the dead-end operation.