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Utilization of stagnant non-potable pond water for cultivating oleaginous microalga Chlorella minutissima for biodiesel production

Arora, Neha, Patel, Alok, Pruthi, Parul A., Poluri, Krishna Mohan, Pruthi, Vikas
Renewable energy 2018 v.126 pp. 30-37
Chlorella minutissima, acid value, biodiesel, biomass production, bioremediation, carbohydrate content, esters, fatty acid composition, fuel production, iodine value, lipid content, lipids, microalgae, nitrogen, phosphorus, protein content, single nucleotide polymorphism, summer, viscosity, wastewater, winter
Utilization of waste resources to cultivate microalgae for biofuel production has the potential to improve the economics along with sustainable reuse of discarded nitrogen and phosphorous sources. The present investigation aims to cultivate an oleaginous microalga (Chlorella minutissima) in stagnant non-potable pond (SNP) water collected from different seasons (summer, winter and rainy) for biomass and lipid synthesis. The C. minutissima showed enhanced biomass productivity (245 mg/L/d) and lipid content (47 %) when grown in SNP water as compared to basal media, synthetic wastewater and recycled media respectively. The adaption in the SNP media by C. minutissima was attributed to an increase in cell size (∼2 folds) with decrease in total protein content (∼2 folds) and total carbohydrate content (∼1 fold) respectively. The fatty acid profile indicated the presence of C16:0, C16:2, C18:0, C18:1 and C18:2 as major methyl esters in the derived biodiesel. Further, the measured biodiesel properties such as specific density (0.90 g/cm3), kinematic viscosity (3.24 mm2/s), flash point (143 °C), iodine value (40.14 g I2/100 g) and acid value (3.24 mgKOH/g) abided by the ASTM D6751-02 and EN14214 standards. Therefore, such kind of SNP's have dual advantage; microalgal cultivation for biodiesel production and providing economical solution for bioremediation.