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Hypericin: chemical synthesis and biosynthesis

Author:
Lin-Fang HUANG, Zeng-Hui WANG, Shi-Lin CHEN
Source:
Chinese journal of natural medicines 2014 v.12 no.2 pp. 81-88
ISSN:
1875-5364
Subject:
Hypericum, Oriental traditional medicine, antineoplastic activity, biosynthesis, chemists, hypericin, synthesis
Abstract:
Hypericin is one of the most important phenanthoperylene quinones extracted mainly from plants of the genus Hypericum belonging to the sections Euhypericum and Campylosporus of Keller's classification. Widespread attention to the antiviral and anti-tumor properties of hypericin has spurred investigations of the chemical synthesis and biosynthesis of this unique compound. However, the synthetic strategies are challenging for organic and biological chemists. In this review, specific significant advances in total synthesis, semi-synthesis, and biosynthesis in the past decades are summarized.
Agid:
6017209