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Emission characteristics and size distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from coke production in China

Mu, Ling, Peng, Lin, Liu, Xiaofeng, He, Qiusheng, Bai, Huiling, Yan, Yulong, Li, Yinghui
Atmospheric research 2017 v.197 pp. 113-120
air pollution, air quality, coal, emissions, emissions factor, particulates, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, China
Coking is regarded as a major source of atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), but few researches have been conducted on the emission characteristics of PAHs from coke production. In this study, emissions of size-segregated particulate matter (PM) and particle-bound PAHs emitted from charging of coal (CC) and pushing of coke (PC) in four typical coke plants were determined. The emission factors on average, sums of CC and PC, were 4.65mg/kg, 5.96mg/kg, 19.18μg/kg and 20.69μg/kg of coal charged for PM2.1 (≤2.1μm), PM, PAHs in PM2.1 and total-PAHs, respectively. PM and PAHs emission from plants using stamp charging were significantly more than those using top charging. The profile of PAHs in PM with size ≤1.4μm (PM1.4) emitted from CC process were similar with that from PC, however, it revealed obviously different tendency for PAHs in PM with size >1.4μm, indicating the different formation mechanism for coarse particles emitted from CC and PC. Size distributions of PM and PAHs indicated that they were primarily connected with PM1.4, and the contributions of PM1.4 to PM and PAHs emitted from the plants using stamp charging were higher than those using top charging. Some improved technology in air-pollution control devices should be considered in coke production in future based on the considerable impacts of PM1.4 and PAHs on human health and ambient air quality.