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Catalytic liquefaction of human feces over Ni-Tm/TiO2 catalyst and the influence of operating conditions on products
- Wang, Wenjia, Yang, Lei, Yin, Zhaosen, Kong, Shengyan, Han, Wei, Zhang, Jinglai
- Energy conversion and management 2018 v.157 pp. 239-245
- amides, biofuels, carbon dioxide, catalysts, distribution (economics), esters, ethane, fatty acids, feces, humans, hydrothermal liquefaction, methane, petroleum, temperature
- In this study, human feces were hydrothermal liquefied and converted into biocrude over Ni-Tm/TiO2 catalyst. The influence of catalysts, reaction temperature, and holding time on the distribution of products and element content of biocrude was assessed. The biocrude yield increased to 53.16% with a reaction temperature of 330 °C, a holding time of 30 min, and adding Ni-Tm/TiO2 catalyst while the liquefaction conversion peaked at 89.61%. The biocrude had an HHV of 36.64 MJ/kg and was similar to heavy crude oil. The biocrude is rich in fatty acid amides, esters, and oxygen-containing-only heteroatom-ring compounds as well as some nitrogen-containing heteroatom-ring compounds. The main gaseous products were CO2, CH4, and C2H6. Hydrothermal liquefaction over Ni-Tm/TiO2 catalyst could be a potential method to handle human excrement treatment and produce biofuel.