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Comparative study on different water/steam injection layouts for fuel reduction in a turbocompound diesel engine

Zhao, Rongchao, Zhang, Zhongbo, Zhuge, Weilin, Zhang, Yangjun, Yin, Yong
Energy conversion and management 2018 v.171 pp. 1487-1501
compressors, diesel engines, energy use and consumption, evaporation, fuels, heat recovery, liquids, prediction, simulation models, steam, temperature, wastes
Waste heat recovery is considered to be promising way to reduce fuel consumption of the internal combustion engines. Turbocompounding and water/steam injections are two kinds of methods to recover waste heat from the exhaust. This paper focuses on the impacts of different water/steam injection layouts on the fuel saving potentials of a turbocompound engine. Firstly, the simulation model for an 11-L diesel turbocompound engine is established and validated against experimental data. It is shown that the model obtains high accuracy on predicting the engine BSFC, power, in-cylinder peak pressure, exhaust temperature, etc. Based on the simulation model, the impacts of intake port water injection, in-cylinder water/steam injection and turbocharger turbine (CT) inlet steam injection on the engine BSFC are investigated. The influences of injection parameters including injection mass ratio, temperature and timing on the engine performance are studied in detail. The influence mechanisms of the water/steam injection on the thermodynamic cycle performance are also discussed thoroughly. The results show that merely liquid water injection at intake port or in cylinder cannot obtain fuel reduction. It is mainly due to the fact that water evaporating lowers the in-cylinder temperature, resulting in larger ignition delay and lower in-cylinder pressure. Steam injections in cylinder or at CT inlet can both achieve significant fuel reductions. At engine 1300 rpm condition, the steam injection in cylinder or at CT inlet can reduce the BSFC by 10% and 3.5%, respectively.