Main content area

The Role of Water during CO2 Adsorption by Ca-Based Sorbents at High Temperature

Lind, Anna, Thorshaug, Knut, Andreassen, Kari Anne, Blom, Richard, Arstad, Bjørnar
Industrial & engineering chemistry process design and development 2018 v.57 no.8 pp. 2829-2837
X-ray diffraction, adsorption, calcium oxide, carbon dioxide, carbonates, carbonation, dolomite, hydrogen, magnesium oxide, process design, sorbents, temperature
Reactions of CaO, MgO, and decarbonated dolomite (CaOMgO) with CO₂ and added water have been studied with the goal of understanding fundamental issues related to these materials’ performance as CO₂ sorbents. We used a fixed bed reactor, in situ XRD, and DRIFTS to monitor the extent and kinetics of carbonation, surface reactions, and performance loss during repetitive adsorption–desorption cycles at industrial relevant conditions. From reactor and in situ XRD experiments, we found that water is essential to reach high carbonation levels (solid conversion >40%) of CaO and CaOMgO, which is in contrast to a situation where only a small fraction (<10%) of the capacity is used. Water has a more pronounced effect when applying CaOMgO as sorbent as compared to CaO, both when considering solid conversions and carbonation rates. DRIFTS shows that water together with CO₂ do in fact react at the MgO surface into carbonates species. Furthermore, H₂CO₃ may be important for exploiting CaO and CaOMgO materials because hydrogen carbonate is observed as a surface species only during reactions with water.