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Continuous Synthesis of Ag/AgCl/ZnO Composites Using Flow Chemistry and Photocatalytic Application

Tao, Sha, Yang, Mei, Chen, Huihui, Zhao, Shuainan, Chen, Guangwen
Industrial & engineering chemistry process design and development 2018 v.57 no.9 pp. 3263-3273
irradiation, methyl orange, mixing, nanospheres, octane, oils, photocatalysis, process design, risk, silver, silver chloride, temperature, zinc, zinc oxide
Ag/AgCl/ZnO composites were successfully synthesized in a continuous microfluidic system under visible light irradiation, which was employed in situ to reduce a portion of AgCl to metallic Ag. The formation of Ag/AgCl/ZnO composites was confined in small aqueous plugs, which were dispersed by octane as the continuous phase. In this way, enhanced mixing, low risk of channel clogging, and uniform light distribution were achieved. The characterization results revealed that the as-prepared Ag/AgCl/ZnO composites were composed of flowerlike ZnO with Ag/AgCl nanospheres anchored to them. It was found that the synthesis parameters such as water/oil volume flow ratio, total volume flow rate, temperature, and the molar ratio of Zn²⁺ to Ag⁺ had effects on the synthesis of Ag/AgCl/ZnO composites. Furthermore, the as-prepared Ag/AgCl/ZnO composites outperformed Ag/ZnO composites and AgCl/ZnO composites in the visible-light-driven degradation of methyl orange.