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The effect of different iron concentrations on lead accumulation in hydroponically grown Matthiola flavida Boiss

Heidari Dehno, Amin, Mohtadi, Ahmad
Ecological research 2018 v.33 no.4 pp. 757-765
Matthiola flavida, bioaccumulation, germination, heavy metals, hydroponics, iron, lead, nitrates, nutrient solutions, pollution, root growth, roots, seedlings, shoots, toxicity
The general relationship between heavy metals and mineral nutrition of plants grown in polluted environments is one of the most important factors for modifying the toxic properties of these metals. To study the effect of iron and lead pollution on the growth of Matthiola flavida a factorial research was undertaken in the form of a completely randomized design with four replications in hydroponic culture. After germination, seedlings were transferred to a hydroponic culture. During the pre-treatment step, a series of plants contained enough iron (+Fe), whereas the second series was without iron (−Fe). After the pre-treatment step, both series of plants were treated with three levels of iron as FeEDDHA and two levels of lead as Pb(NO₃)₂. The results showed that in both series of plants, lead reduced the root growth, shoot height, shoot and root dry weight. For 5 µM lead concentration, with increasing concentration of iron in the nutrient solution, concentration of lead in the roots and shoots decreased. For 1 µM concentration of lead, increasing the iron concentration in the nutrient solution reduced the concentration of lead in the roots, but had no significant effect on the amount of lead in shoots. Lead accumulation in shoots and roots of plants with Fe was more than plants without Fe. Also, in low concentrations of iron, the amount of iron in shoot increased with the increase of lead concentration in the nutrient solution. The results showed that in lead pollution, iron has a positive effect on investigated traits.