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Capacity and mechanism of arsenic adsorption on red soil supplemented with ferromanganese oxide–biochar composites

Lin, Lina, Zhou, Shiwei, Huang, Qing, Huang, Yongchun, Qiu, Weiwen, Song, Zhengguo
Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.20 pp. 20116-20124
absorbents, adsorption, analytical methods, arsenic, iron oxides, manganese, moieties, oxidation, oxides, pH, soil
Two ferromanganese oxide–biochar composites (FMBC₁ and FMBC₂) were prepared by an impregnation method to promote the adsorption of As on red soil. Maximum adsorption capacities (Qₘ) of 0.687 and 0.712 mg g⁻¹ were observed for FMBC₁ and FMBC₂, respectively, corresponding to increases of 104 and 111% relative to the control treatment (Qₘ = 0.337 mg g⁻¹). Treatment with FMBC₁ increased the pH of red soil, whereas a reverse trend was observed for FMBC₂. A variety of analytical techniques were used to explain the differences between FMBC₁ and FMBC₂, revealing that the oxidation of As(III) to As(V) by Mn and Fe oxides was aided by interactions with the oxygen-containing functional groups of the ferromanganese oxide–biochar composites. Thus, red soil supplemented with the ferromanganese oxide–biochar composites mainly adsorbed As by chemisorption, thereby projecting ferromanganese oxide–biochar composites as potential absorbents for effectively remediating As-polluted red soil.