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Response of the sand fly Phlebotomuspapatasi to visual, physical and chemical attraction features in the field

Müller, Günter C., Hogsette, Jerome A., Kline, Daniel L., Beier, John C., Revay, Edita E., Xue, Rui-De
Acta tropica 2015 v.141 pp. 32-36
Phlebotomus papatasi, baits, batteries, carbon dioxide, heat, incandescent lighting, traps, ultraviolet radiation
In this study, 27 CDC traps were modified with various attractive features and compared with a CDC trap with no light source or baits to evaluate the effects on attraction to Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) north of the Dead Sea near Jericho. Attractive features included CO2, lights, colored trap bodies, heat, moisture, chemical lures and different combinations of the same. Traps were placed 20m apart and rotated from one trap location to the next after 24h trapping periods. The most significant attractive feature was CO2, which attracted more sand flies than any other feature evaluated. Ultraviolet light was the next most attractive feature, followed by incandescent light. When evaluated alone, black or white trap bodies, heat and moisture, all influenced trap catch but effects were greater when these attractive features were used together. The results of this study suggest that traps with CO2 and UV light could be used in batteries as control interventions if suitable CO2 sources become available.