Main content area

Soybean aphid intrabiotype variability based on colonization of specific soybean genotypes

Pawlowski, Michelle, Hill, Curtis B., Voegtlin, David J., Harman, Glen L.
Insect science 2014 pp. 1
Aphis glycines, Hemiptera, biotypes, colonizing ability, genes, host plants, insect pests, pest management, pest resistance, soybeans, virulence, Illinois
The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is one of the most destructive insect pests on soybeans in the United States. One method for managing this pest is through host plant resistance. Since its arrival in 2000, 4 aphid biotypes have been identified that are able to overcome soybean aphid resistance (Rag) genes. A soybean aphid isolate collected from Moline, Illinois readily colonized soybean plants with the soybean aphid resistance gene Rag2, unlike biotypes 1 and 2, but similar to soybean aphid biotype 3. Two no-choice experiments compared the virulence of the Moline isolate with biotype 3. In both experiments, differences in aphid population counts were not significant (P>0.05) on soybean genotypes LD08–12957a (Rag2) and LD11–5413a (Rag2), but the aphid counts for the Moline isolate were significantly (P<0.05) lower than the aphid counts for the biotype 3 isolate on the soybean genotypes Dowling (Rag1), LD05–16611 (Rag1), LD11–4576a (Rag1), and PI 567598B (rag1b and rag3). TheMoline isolate was a variant of aphid biotype 3, which is the first report showing that soybean aphid isolates classified as the same biotype, based on virulence against specific Rag genes, can differ in aggressiveness or ability to colonize specific host genotypes.