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Magnesium-induced biofilm development in Arthrobacter sp. SUK 1201 and removal of hexavalent chromium

Dey, Satarupa, Paul, A. K.
Soil & sediment contamination 2018 v.27 no.5 pp. 383-392
Arthrobacter, bacteria, biofilm, bioremediation, chromium, concanavalin A, confocal laser scanning microscopy, fluorescein, glucose, isothiocyanates, magnesium, metal ions, peptones, roughness, salts, seepage, staining, toxicity, yeast extract
This study reports the influence of Mg ions on the development and architecture of biofilms by a chromium resistant and reducing bacterium Arthrobacter sp. SUK 1201 and their utilization in the removal of toxic hexavalent chromium. Among the different metal ions tested, Mg(II) greatly influenced the biofilm growth in peptone yeast extract glucose medium. Both Scanning and Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy revealed that biofilms formed under the induction of Mg(II) had characteristic higher cell densities. The cells remain embedded in thick porous layers of extracellular polymeric substances as evident from the fluorescein isothiocyanate labeled lectin concanavalin A and 4, 6- diamino-2-phenylindole staining. COMSTAT analysis also indicated maximum thickness and roughness coefficient of the biofilm grown in presence of Mg(II). Biofilms of Arthrobacter sp. SUK 1201 developed under such Mg (II) influenced condition showed complete removal of 0.5 mM Cr(VI) in mineral salts medium. The biofilm of this isolate grown in presence of Mg(II) was also able to remove 60µM Cr(VI) from mine seepage water suggesting its possible implication in effective bioremediation of chromium polluted environments.