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Chemical composition and acaricidal activity of the essential oil of Baccharis dracunculifolia De Candole (1836) and its constituents nerolidol and limonene on larvae and engorged females of Rhipicephalus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae)
- de Assis Lage, Tiago Coelho, Montanari, Ricardo Marques, Fernandes, Sergio Antonio, de Oliveira Monteiro, Caio Márcio, de Oliveira Souza Senra, Tatiane, Zeringota, Viviane, da Silva Matos, Renata, Daemon, Erik
- Experimental parasitology 2015 v.148 pp. 24-29
- Baccharis dracunculifolia, Rhipicephalus microplus, acaricidal properties, aerial parts, beta-pinene, botanical composition, chemical composition, common names, eggs, essential oils, females, germacrene, larvae, limonene, mortality, nerolidol, oils, propolis, Brazil
- Baccharis dracunculifolia DC (common name “alecrim-do-campo” in Brazil) is a plant with widespread distribution in South America that is the botanical origin of green propolis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemical composition and acaricidal activity of the essential oil of B. dracunculifolia and its constituents nerolidol and limonene on unengorged larvae and engorged females of Rhipicephalus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). The essential oil yield was 0.8% of dry mass and the major constituents were nerolidol (22.3%), germacrene D (7.2%), limonene (6.9%), β-pinene (6.7) and bicyclogermacrene (6.5%). The acaricidal activity of the essential oil and the pure compounds nerolidol and (R)-(+)-limonene were assessed in the laboratory through the modified larval packet test (LPT) and the female immersion test (FIT). In the LPT, the essential oil and nerolidol were both active, causing more than 90% mortality at concentrations from 15.0 and 10.0 mg mL⁻¹, respectively, whereas (R)-(+)-limonene was not active. In the FIT, the oil and nerolidol caused reduction in the quantity and quality of eggs produced, with control percentages of 96.3% and 90.3% at concentrations of 60.0 and 50.0 mg mL⁻¹, respectively. It can be concluded that the essential oil obtained from the aerial parts of B. dracunculifolia and its major component nerolidol have high activity on R. microplus larvae and engorged females.