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Pomegranate biology and biotechnology: A review

Teixeira da Silva, Jaime A., Rana, Tikam Singh, Narzary, Diganta, Verma, Nidhi, Meshram, Deodas Tarachand, Ranade, Shirish A.
Scientia horticulturae 2013 v.160 pp. 85-107
Punica granatum, artificial seeds, biotechnology, cell culture, center of diversity, fruit trees, genetic markers, geographical distribution, germplasm, haploidy, medicinal properties, micropropagation, mutagenesis, organogenesis, plant biology, pomegranates, somaclonal variation, somatic embryogenesis, taxonomy, Central Asia
Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is one of the oldest known edible fruit tree species, originating in Central Asia, but with a wide geographical global distribution, reflecting its adaptation to a wide range of climatic conditions. It is important for its nutritional, medicinal and ornamental properties and its high consumption and industrial value. In a bid to better utilize and improve the current genetic resources, there is a need to understand and appreciate studies related to the use, centre of origin and diversity, as well as the characterization, evaluation and conservation, taxonomy and systematics of the genus Punica. In addition to understanding the basic biology of the plant, how biotechnological tools, including cell and tissue culture and micropropagation (i.e. somatic embryogenesis, organogenesis, synthetic seeds, somaclonal variation, mutagenesis, haploidy, and in vitro conservation), genetic transformation and marker technology, have been used to improve pomegranate germplasm are all topics that have been covered in this review.