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INSIGHT responsive parenting intervention and infant feeding practices: randomized clinical trial

Savage, Jennifer S., Hohman, Emily E., Marini, Michele E., Shelly, Amy, Paul, Ian M., Birch, Leann L.
The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity 2018 v.15 no.1 pp. 64
childhood obesity, children, food frequency questionnaires, food groups, hunger, infants, interviews, mothers, nurses, parenting, portion size, randomized clinical trials, risk, satiety, surveys
BACKGROUND: What, when, how, how much, and how often infants are fed have been associated with childhood obesity risk. The objective of this secondary analysis was to examine the effect of a responsive parenting (RP) intervention designed for obesity prevention on parents’ infant feeding practices in the first year after birth. METHODS: Primiparous mother-newborn dyads were randomized to the Intervention Nurses Start Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories (INSIGHT) Study RP intervention or child safety control. Research nurses delivered intervention content at home at infant age 3–4, 16, 28, and 40 weeks, and at a research center at 1 year. RP feeding guidance advised feeding that was contingent (i.e., feed in response to hunger and satiety signs, alternatives to using food to soothe), and developmentally appropriate (i.e., delaying introduction of solids, age-appropriate portion sizes). Infant feeding practices (i.e., bottle use, introduction of solids, food to soothe) were assessed by phone interviews and online surveys and dietary intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire. RESULTS: RP mothers were more likely to use of structure-based feeding practices including limit-setting (p < 0.05) and consistent feeding routines (p < 0.01) at age 1 year. RP group mothers were less likely to use non-responsive feeding practices such as pressuring their infant to finish the bottle/food (p < 0.001), and using food to soothe (p < 0.01), propping the bottle (p < 0.05) assessed between 4 and 8 months, and putting baby to bed with a bottle at age 1 year (p < 0.05). Few differences were seen between groups in what specific foods or food groups infants were fed. CONCLUSIONS: Anticipatory guidance on RP in feeding can prevent the use of food to soothe and promote use of more sensitive, structure-based feeding which could reduce obesity risk by affecting how and when infants are fed during the first year. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Intervention Nurses Start Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories (INSIGHT) Study. . NCT01167270. Registered 21 July 2010.