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Green synthesis of magnetic mesoporous silica nanocomposite and its adsorptive performance against organochlorine pesticides

El-Said, W. A., Fouad, D. M., Ali, M. H., El-Gahami, M. A.
International journal of environmental science and technology 2018 v.15 no.8 pp. 1731-1744
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, adsorbents, adsorption, aqueous solutions, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, gas chromatography, green tea, high performance liquid chromatography, iron oxides, leaves, lindane, magnetic fields, monitoring, nanocomposites, nanoparticles, nitrogen, pH, porous media, reducing agents, scanning electron microscopy, silica, surface area, sustainable technology, temperature, transmission electron microscopy, water treatment
Green synthesis of nanomaterials has received increasing attention as an eco-friendly technology in materials science. Here, we have used two types of extractions from green tea leaf (i.e., total extraction and tannin extraction) as reducing agents for a rapid, simple and one-step synthesis method of mesoporous silica nanoparticles/iron oxide nanocomposite based on deposition of iron oxide onto mesoporous silica nanoparticles. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles/iron oxide nanocomposite were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray, vibrating sample magnetometer, N₂ adsorption and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles/iron oxide nanocomposite was used as a solid adsorbent for removal of lindane pesticide from aqueous solutions. The developed system possesses the advantages of silica as core that include large surface area and advantages of iron oxide (shell) that include the capability to interact with chlorinated compounds and ability to release by using external magnetic field. UV-Vis technique was used as a simple and easy method for monitoring the removal of lindane. Effects of pH and temperature on the removal efficiency of the developed mesoporous silica nanoparticles/iron oxide nanocomposite toward lindane pesticide were also investigated. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, high-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography techniques were used to confirm the high ability of mesoporous silica nanoparticles/iron oxide nanocomposite for sensing and the capture of lindane molecules with high sorption capacity (about 99%) that could develop a new eco-friendly strategy for detection and removal of pesticide and as a promising material for water treatment.