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Margarine from Organogels of Plant Wax and Soybean Oil

Hong-Sik Hwang, Mukti Singh, Erica L. Bakota, Jill K. Winkler-Moser, Sanghoon Kim, Sean X. Liu
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 2013 v.90 no.11 pp. 1705-1712
Helianthus annuus, candelilla wax, firmness, food spreads, lipid content, margarine, melting point, rice bran, soybean oil
Organogels obtained from plant wax and soybean oil tested for suitability for incorporation into margarine. Sunflower wax, rice bran wax and candelilla wax were evaluated. Candelilla wax showed phase separation after making the emulsion with the formulation used in this study. Rice bran wax showed relatively good firmness with the organogel, but dramatically lowered firmness for a margarine sample. Sunflower wax showed the greatest firmness for organogel and the margarine samples among the three plant waxes tested in this study. Firmness of the margarine containing 2-6% sunflower wax in soybean oil was similar to that of margarine containing 18-30% hydrogenated soybean oil in soybean oil. The firmness of commercial spread could be achieved with about 2% sunflower wax and that of commercial hard margarine could be achieved with about 10% of sunflower wax in the margarine formulation. Dropping point, DSC and solid fat content of the new margarine containing 2-6% sunflower wax showed a higher melting point than the commercial margarine and spreads.