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Application of nonionic surfactant as a new method for the enhancement of electromembrane extraction performance for determination of basic drugs in biological samples A

Hasheminasab, Kobra Sadat, Fakhari, Ali Reza
Journal of chromatography 2015 v.1378 pp. 1-7
capillary electrophoresis, chromatography, detection limit, ephedrine, methadone, methamphetamines, monitoring, nonionic surfactants, octoxynol, pH, supported liquid membranes, urine
This paper proposes for the first time the use of a nonionic surfactant for the enhancement of electromembrane extraction performance. The presence of nonionic surfactant in donor phase promotes ionic analytes efficient migration through the organic liquid membrane. Surfactant assisted electromembrane extraction coupled with capillary electrophoresis was used for the extraction of basic drugs (methamphetamine, ephedrine and methadone) from biological samples. Parameters that affect the extraction efficiency were investigated and optimized for the proposed method. Optimal extractions were accomplished with 2-nitrophenyl octyl ether as the supported liquid membrane, with 125V as the driving force and 0.2mM Triton X-100 with pH 5.0 in donor and pH 1 in acceptor solutions. Equilibrium extraction conditions were obtained after 20min of operation where the whole assembly agitated at 1000rpm. Under the optimum experimental conditions, good limits of detection (0.90–2.42ngmL⁻¹), linearities (R²>0.9995), and repeatability of extraction (RSDs below 4.4%, n=5) were obtained. Finally, the developed method was applied to drug level monitoring in the biological samples including hair and urine samples and satisfactory results were obtained.