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Impaired adipogenesis in adipose tissue associated with hepatic lipid deposition induced by chronic inflammation in mice with chew diet
- Yang, Shumin, Zhang, Wenlong, Zhen, Qianna, Gao, Rufei, Du, Tingting, Xiao, Xiaoqiu, Wang, Zhihong, Ge, Qian, Hu, Jinbo, Ye, Peng, Zhu, Qibo, Li, Qifu
- Life sciences 2015 v.137 pp. 7-13
- Western blotting, acyl coenzyme A, adipocytes, adipogenesis, adipose tissue, blood serum, carnitine palmitoyltransferase, casein, diet, fatty acids, free fatty acids, genes, inflammation, insulin, lipid metabolism, liver, mice, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, triacylglycerols
- Chronic inflammation might be associated with hepatic lipid deposition independent of overnutrition. However, the mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we investigate if impaired adipogenesis in adipose tissue is associated with hepatic lipid deposition induced by chronic inflammation in mice with chew diet.Casein injection in C57BL/6J mice was given every other day to induce chronic inflammation. All mice were sacrificed after 18weeks of injections. The serum, liver and adipose tissue were collected for analysis. Real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting were used to examine the gene and protein expressions of molecules involved in hepatic lipid metabolism and adipose adipogenesis.Casein injection elevated serum levels of insulin, free fatty acid (FFA) and proinflammatory factors. The gene expression of proinflammatory factors of adipose tissue and the liver also increased in the casein group as compared with the control group. Chronic inflammation up-regulated the hepatic expression of fatty acid translocase (CD36) and down-regulated microsomal triacylglycerol transfer protein (MTP), carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1a (CPT1a) and acyl-coenzyme a oxidase 1 (ACOX1). Meanwhile, chronic inflammation not only diminished the size of adipocytes, but also down-regulated the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and CCAAT/enhancer binding proteinα (C/EBPα), both indicating an impaired adipogenesis.Besides disturbed lipid metabolism in the liver per se, impaired adipogenesis in the adipose tissue might also be associated with hepatic lipid deposition induced by chronic inflammation in mice with chew diet.