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Blood monitoring of perfluorocarbon compounds (F-tert-butylcyclohexane, perfluoromethyldecalin and perfluorodecalin) by headspace-gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Giuliani, N., Saugy, M., Augsburger, M., Varlet, V.
Talanta 2015 v.144 pp. 196-203
bioactive properties, blood, clinical trials, detection limit, monitoring, oxygen, perfluorocarbons, sports, tandem mass spectrometry
A headspace-gas chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (HS-GC–MS/MS) method for the trace measurement of perfluorocarbon compounds (PFCs) in blood was developed. Due to oxygen carrying capabilities of PFCs, application to doping and sports misuse is speculated. This study was therefore extended to perform validation methods for F-tert-butylcyclohexane (Oxycyte®), perfluoro(methyldecalin) (PFMD) and perfluorodecalin (PFD). The limit of detection of these compounds was established and found to be 1.2µg/mL blood for F-tert-butylcyclohexane, 4.9µg/mL blood for PFMD and 9.6µg/mL blood for PFD. The limit of quantification was assumed to be 12µg/mL blood (F-tert-butylcyclohexane), 48µg/mL blood (PFMD) and 96µg/mL blood (PFD). HS-GC–MS/MS technique allows detection from 1000 to 10,000 times lower than the estimated required dose to ensure a biological effect for the investigated PFCs. Thus, this technique could be used to identify a PFC misuse several hours, maybe days, after the injection or the sporting event. Clinical trials with those compounds are still required to evaluate the validation parameters with the calculated estimations.