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Micromotors for “Chemistry-on-the-Fly”

Author:
Karshalev, Emil, Esteban-Fernández de Ávila, Berta, Wang, Joseph
Source:
Journal of the American Chemical Society 2018 v.140 no.11 pp. 3810-3820
ISSN:
1520-5126
Subject:
chelation, pollutants
Abstract:
This perspective reviews mobile micro/nanomotor scaffolds for performing “chemistry-on-the-fly”. Synthetic nano/micromotors offer great versatility and distinct advantages in diverse chemical applications owing to their efficient propulsion and facile surface functionalization that allow these mobile platforms to move and disperse reactive materials across the solution. Such dynamic microreactors have led to accelerated chemical processes, including organic pollutant degradation, metal chelation, biorecognition, redox chemistry, chemical “writing”, and a variety of other chemical transformations. Representative examples of such micromotor-enhanced chemical reactions are discussed, focusing on the specific chemical role of these mobile microreactors. The advantages, gaps and limitations of using micromotors as mobile chemical platforms are discussed, concluding with the future prospects of this emerging field. We envision that artificial nano/micromotors will become attractive dynamic tools for speeding up and enhancing “on-the-fly” chemical reactions.
Agid:
6033112