Main content area

Crop response to manure and fertilizer in Burkina Faso and Niger

Garba, M., Serme, I., Maman, N., Korodjouma, O., Gonda, A., Wortmann, C., Mason, S.
Nutrient cycling in agroecosystems 2018 v.111 no.2-3 pp. 175-188
Arachis hypogaea, NPK fertilizers, Pennisetum glaucum, Sorghum bicolor, Vigna unguiculata, Zea mays, animal manures, corn, cowpeas, crops, farmers, forage, grain yield, manure spreading, nitrogen fertilizers, peanuts, potassium fertilizers, soil, synergism, Burkina Faso, Niger
Farmyard manure (FYM) is valuable for soil management, especially for soils with < 10 g kg⁻¹ organic C in semi-arid West Africa. This study determined short-term FYM effects on yield and on response to N, P and K fertilizer for 20 trials in Niger and 28 trials in Burkina Faso involving six crops. The comparisons were of 0 and 2.5 Mg ha⁻¹ yr⁻¹ FYM applied in Niger, and of 0 and 5 Mg ha⁻¹ FYM applied once in 2 years in Burkina Faso. Fertilizer and FYM application alone had little effect on yield in Niger but there was a synergistic effect of fertilizer P with FYM which included increased mean responses to P of, respectively: 0.22 and 0.43 Mg ha⁻¹ for sorghum grain and fodder (Sorghum bicolor L.); 0.15 and 0.27 Mg ha⁻¹ for cowpea grain and fodder; 0.16 Mg ha⁻¹ grain for pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) when intercropped with cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.); and 0.39 Mg ha⁻¹ for groundnut fodder (Arachis hypogea L.). Application of FYM increased pearl millet response to N but decreased legume response to K fertilizer. In Burkina Faso, there was a mean grain yield increase of 0.29 Mg ha⁻¹ yr⁻¹ due to FYM and the effect of applying both FYM and fertilizer was additive except for a synergy of N fertilizer plus manure application for maize (Zea mays L.). Therefore, farmers should apply FYM and fertilizer together in Niger but these can be applied alone or together in Burkina Faso with mostly similar effects.