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Measurement of kinaesthetic properties of in‐brine table olives by microstructure of fracture surface, sensory evaluation and texture profile analysis (TPA)

Lanza, Barbara, Amoruso, Filomena
Journal of the science of food and agriculture 2018 v.98 no.11 pp. 4142-4150
Olea europaea, consumer acceptance, cultivars, flavor, fruits, hardness, microstructure, nutrients, olives, principal component analysis, regression analysis, ripening, screening, sensory evaluation, texture
BACKGROUND: A series of transformations occur in olive fruit both during ripening and processing. In particular, significant changes in the microstructural composition affect the flavour, texture, nutrients and overall quality of the end product. Texture is one of the sensory quality attributes of greatest importance to consumer acceptance. In the present work, kinaesthetic properties of in‐brine table olives of three cultivars of Olea europaea L. (Bella di Cerignola, Peranzana and Taggiasca cvs) were provided by several measurements of olive tissue texture by sensory, rheological and microstructural approaches. RESULTS: Olives at the same stage of ripening and processed with the same technology, but belonging to different cultivars, showed significant differences at microstructural, sensorial and rheological levels. To describe the relationship between the three variables, multiple regression analysis and principal component analysis were chosen. CONCLUSION: Differences in microstructure were closely related both in terms of hardness measured by texture profile analysis and hardness measured by sensory analysis. The information provided could be an aid for screening and training of a sensory panel. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry