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Effect of genetic background on the stability of sunflower fatty acid composition in different high oleic mutations

Alberio, Constanza, Aguirrezábal, Luis AN, Izquierdo, Natalia G, Reid, Roberto, Zuil, Sebastián, Zambelli, Andrés
Journal of the science of food and agriculture 2018 v.98 no.11 pp. 4074-4084
Helianthus annuus, environmental factors, fatty acid composition, genetic background, isogenic lines, mutation, night temperature, oleic acid, sowing date, sunflower oil
BACKGROUND: The effect of genetic background on the stability of fatty acid composition in sunflower near isogenic lines (NILs) carrying high‐oleic Pervenets (P) or high‐oleic NM1 mutations was studied. The materials were field‐tested in different locations and at different sowing dates to evaluate a wide range of environmental conditions. Relationships were established between the fatty acids and the minimum night temperature (MNT) and the response was characterized. RESULTS: A genetic background effect for the fatty acid composition was found in both groups of NILs. The NM1‐NILs showed an oleic level higher than 910 g kg⁻¹ and they were more stable across environments with a zero or low dependence on the genetic background; on the other hand, high oleic materials bearing the P mutation showed lower levels of oleic acid, with a higher variation in fatty acid composition and a highly significant dependence on the genetic background. CONCLUSION: The NM1 mutation is the best option to develop ultra‐high oleic sunflower oil that is stable across environments and genetic backgrounds, making its agronomical production more efficient and predictable. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry