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Aureobasidium pullulans as a source of liamocins (heavy oils) with anticancer activity

Pennapa Manitchotpisit, Ramida Watanapoksin, Neil P. J. Price, Kenneth M. Bischoff, Malatee Tayeh, Sudarat Teeraworawit, Saranya Kriwong, Timothy D. Leathers
World journal of microbiology & biotechnology 2014 v.30 no.8 pp. 2199-2204
Aureobasidium pullulans, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Lactobacillus fermentum, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, anticarcinogenic activity, antineoplastic agents, biotechnology, breast neoplasms, desorption, human cell lines, humans, inhibitory concentration 50, ionization, lasers, mass spectrometry, microbiology, oils, phylogeny, pullulan, sucrose, toxicity, tropics, uterine cervical neoplasms, Thailand
Liamocins are structurally unique, heavier-than-water “oils” produced by certain strains of Aureobasidium pullulans. The aim of the current study is to identify new sources of liamocins and evaluate their potential as anticancer agents. Nine strains of A. pullulans from phylogenetic clades 8, 9, and 11 were examined for the first time for production of liamocins. Strains in these clades have only been isolated from tropical environments, and all strains tested here were from various locations in Thailand. Strains RSU 9, RSU 21, and RSU 29, all from clade 11, produced from 7.0 to 8.6 g liamocins/l from medium containing 5 % sucrose. These are the highest yields of liamocins that we have found thus far. These strains also produced from 9.4 to 17 g pullulan/l. The structural identity of liamocins was confirmed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry; differential spectra were obtained in which the dominant ion was either at about m/z 805.5 or m/z 949.6, consistent with the structure of liamocins. Liamocins from A. pullulans strains RSU 9 and RSU 21 inhibited two human breast cancer cell lines and a human cervical cancer cell line (IC₅₀values of 32.2 ± 1.4 to 63.1 ± 2.4 μg liamocins/ml) but were not toxic to a normal cell line. Liamocins weakly inhibited a strain of Enterococcus faecalis, but did not inhibit strains of Lactobacillus fermentum, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Thus, A. pullulans phylogenetic clade 11 is a promising source of liamocins, and these compounds merit further examination as potential anticancer agents.