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Optimizing of the underground power cable bedding using momentum-type particle swarm optimization method
- Ocłoń, Paweł, Cisek, Piotr, Taler, Dawid, Pilarczyk, Marcin, Szwarc, Tomasz
- Energy 2015 v.92 pp. 230-239
- algorithms, finite element analysis, heat, mechanical loads, pipes, polyethylene, sand, soil, system optimization, temperature
- Thermal performance optimization of underground power cable system is presented in this paper. The analyzed system consists of three underground power cables situated in an in-line arrangement. The HDPE (High-Density Polyethylene) casing pipes, filled with SBM (Sand-Bentonite Mixture), covers the cables to protect them from heavy mechanical loads (e.g. vibrations). The FTB (Fluidized Thermal Backfill) layer is applied to prevent the cables from overheating. Due to the substantial costs of FTB backfill material (in relation to the native soil or dry sand), the cross-sectional area of FTB bedding layer has to be minimized. Furthermore, the maximum cable conductor temperature is expected not to exceed the optimum operating temperature. Therefore, the optimization procedure i.e. momentum-type PSO (Particle Swarm Optimization) is applied. The FEM (Finite Element Method) is used to solve the two-dimensional steady-state heat conduction problem. As a result, temperature distribution is determined for the native soil, FTB bedding, and cables. The performed computations considered the temperature dependent current rating and volumetric heat generation rate from cable conductor. The applied optimization procedure resulted in determination of the optimum cable spacing and cross-sectional area of the rectangular-shaped FTB bedding layer. Moreover, the obtained maximum temperature for the cable core do not exceed the allowable value.