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Landslide deformation monitoring using point-like target offset tracking with multi-mode high-resolution TerraSAR-X data

Shi, Xuguo, Zhang, Lu, Balz, Timo, Liao, Mingsheng
ISPRS journal of photogrammetry and remote sensing 2015 v.105 pp. 128-140
data collection, deformation, disaster preparedness, landslides, monitoring, time series analysis, China
Many landslides in the Three Georges area have shown active deformations associated with water level fluctuations since the full operation of the Three Georges Dam. Such active deformations of landslide bodies need to be closely monitored for disaster prevention and warning. One way to do this is to employ SAR pixel offset tracking, a powerful technique that can be used for measuring two-dimensional large displacements. As an improvement of the original pixel offset tracking technique, the point-like target (PT) offset tracking method focuses on stable point-like targets and thus can obtain more reliable measurements. In this paper, the PT offset tracking method is employed to investigate historical evolution of the Shuping landslide, using time series TerraSAR-X data acquired in both Stripmap (SM) and High-resolution Spotlight (HS) modes. Artificial corner reflectors (CR) installed at/near the landslide are identified as PTs and used to analyze the spatial–temporal pattern of landslide deformations. Results showed that the maximum accumulative deformation of the Shuping landslide reached more than 1.5m over a time span of two years. A correlation analysis between the deformation trends and the fluctuation of reservoir water level indicated that most deformations of the landslide happened during the water level declining period.