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Transient Kinetics and Quantum Yield Studies of Nanocrystalline α-Phenyl-Substituted Ketones: Sorting Out Reactions from Singlet and Triplet Excited States

Park, Jin H., Chung, Tim S., Hipwell, Vince M., Rivera, Edris, Garcia-Garibay, Miguel A.
Journal of the American Chemical Society 2018 v.140 no.26 pp. 8192-8197
free radicals, ketones, nanocrystals, photolysis
Recent work has shown that diarylmethyl radicals generated by pulsed laser excitation in nanocrystalline (NC) suspensions of tetraarylacetones constitute a valuable probe for the detailed mechanistic analysis of the solid-state photodecarbonylation reaction. Using a combination of reaction quantum yields and laser flash photolysis in nanocrystalline suspensions of ketones with different substituents on one of the α-carbons, we are able to suggest with confidence that a significant fraction of the initial α-cleavage reaction takes place from the ketone singlet excited state, that the originally formed diarylmethyl-acyl radical pair loses CO in the crystal with time constants in the sub-nanosecond regime, and that the secondary bis(diarylmethyl) triplet radical pair has a lifetime limited by the rate of intersystem crossing of ca. 70 ns.