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Preliminary data on growth and enzymatic abilities of soil fungus Humicolopsis cephalosporioides at different incubation temperatures

Elíades, Lorena Alejandra, Cabello, Marta N., Pancotto, Verónica, Moretto, Alicia, Rago, María Melisa, Saparrat, Mario C.N.
Revista iberoamericana de micología 2015 v.32 no.1 pp. 40-45
Nothofagus pumilio, agar, cellulose, enzyme activity, forests, intraspecific variation, organic matter, saprotrophs, soil fungi, temperature, wood, Argentina
Nothofagus pumilio (Poepp & Endl.) Krasser, known as “lenga” is the most important timber wood species in southernmost Patagonia (Argentina). Humicolopsis cephalosporioides Cabral & Marchand is a soil fungus associated with Nothofagus pumilio forests, which has outstanding cellulolytic activity. However, there is no information about the ability of this fungus to use organic substrates other than cellulose, and its ability to produce different enzyme systems, as well as its response to temperature.The aim of this study was to examine the role of H. cephalosporioides in degradation processes in N. pumilio forests in detail by evaluating the in vitro ability of four isolates of this fungus to grow and produce different lytic enzyme systems, and their response to incubation temperature.The ability of the fungi to grow and produce enzyme systems was estimated by inoculating them on agar media with specific substrates, and the cultures were incubated at three temperatures.A differential behavior of each strain in levels of growth and enzyme activity was found according to the medium type and/or incubation temperature.A intra-specific variability was found in H. cephalosporioides. Likewise a possible link between the saprotrophic role of this fungus in N. pumilio forests and the degradation of organic matter under stress conditions, such as those from frosty environments, was also discussed.