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Drug resistance in sea lice: a threat to salmonid aquaculture
- Aaen, Stian Mørch, Helgesen, Kari Olli, Bakke, Marit Jørgensen, Kaur, Kiranpreet, Horsberg, Tor Einar
- Trends in parasitology 2015 v.31 no.2 pp. 72-81
- Caligidae, Salmonidae, aquaculture, drug resistance, ectoparasites, farmed fish, farms, lice infestations, morbidity, smolts
- Sea lice are copepod ectoparasites with vast reproductive potential and affect a wide variety of fish species. The number of parasites causing morbidity is proportional to fish size. Natural low host density restricts massive parasite dispersal. However, expanded salmon farming has shifted the conditions in favor of the parasite. Salmon farms are often situated near wild salmonid migrating routes, with smolts being particularly vulnerable to sea lice infestation. In order to protect both farmed and wild salmonids passing or residing in the proximity of the farms, several measures are taken. Medicinal treatment of farmed fish has been the most predictable and efficacious, leading to extensive use of the available compounds. This has resulted in drug-resistant parasites occurring on farmed and possibly wild salmonids.