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Tongqiao Huoxue Decoction ameliorates learning and memory defects in rats with vascular dementia by up-regulating the Ca2+-CaMKII-CREB pathway
- GE, Chao-Liang, WANG, Xin-Ming, HUANG, Zhao-Gang, XIA, Quan, WANG, Ning, XU, Du-Juan
- Chinese journal of natural medicines 2015 v.13 no.11 pp. 823-830
- Oriental traditional medicine, Western blotting, animal behavior, binding proteins, cAMP-dependent protein kinase, calcium signaling, calcium-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase, carotid arteries, dementia, hippocampus, memory, models, rats, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, therapeutics
- The present study was aimed at determining the effects of Tongqiao Huoxue Decoction (TQHXD) on the Ca²⁺-CaMKII-CREB pathway and the memory and learning capacities of rats with vascular dementia (VD). The rat VD model was established by using an improved bilateral carotid artery ligation method. The Morris water maze experiment was used to evaluate the ethology of the VD rats following treatments with TQHXD at 3.01, 6.02, and 12.04 g·kg⁻¹ per day for 31 days. At the end of experiment, the hippocampus were harvested and analyzed. Western blotting and RT-PCR were used to measure the expression levels of calmodulin-binding protein kinase II(CaMKII), protein kinase A(PKA), cAMP-response element binding protein(CREB), and three N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor subunits (NR1, NR2A, and NR2B). Our results revealed that TQHXD could alleviate the loss of learning abilities and increase the memory capacity (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01 vs the model group, respectively). The treatment with 6.02 and 12.04 g·kg⁻¹ of TQHXD significantly up-regulated the Ca²⁺-CaMKII-CREB pathway in the hippocampus. In conclusion, TQHXD showed therapeutic effects on a bilateral carotid artery ligation-induced vascular dementia model, through the up-regulation of calcium signalling pathways.