Main content area

Ultrafast Screening of a Novel, Moderately Hydrophilic Angiotensin-Converting-Enzyme-Inhibitory Peptide, RYL, from Silkworm Pupa Using an Fe-Doped-Silkworm-Excrement-Derived Biocarbon: Waste Conversion by Waste

Liu, Long, Wei, Yanan, Chang, Qing, Sun, Huaju, Chai, Kungang, Huang, Zuqiang, Zhao, Zhenxia, Zhao, Zhongxing
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2017 v.65 no.51 pp. 11202-11211
agricultural wastes, byproducts, carbon, hydrogen bonding, hydrophilicity, inhibitory concentration 50, iron, magnetic properties, peptides, pupae, screening, silkworms
A novel, moderately hydrophilic peptide (RYL) with high ACE-inhibitory activity was screened ultrafast via a concept of waste conversion using waste. This novel peptide was screened from silkworm pupa using an Fe-doped porous biocarbon (FL/Z-SE) derived from silkworm excrement. FL/Z-SE possessed magnetic properties and specific selection for peptides due to Fe’s dual functions. The selected RYL, which has moderate hydrophilicity (LogP = −0.22), exhibited a comparatively high ACE-inhibitory activity (IC₅₀ = 3.31 ± 0.11 μM). The inhibitory kinetics and docking-simulation results show that, as a competitive ACE inhibitor, RYL formed five hydrogen bonds with the ACE residues in the S1 and S2 pockets. In this work, both the screening carbon material and the selected ACE-inhibitory peptide were derived from agricultural waste (silkworm excrement and pupa), which offers a new way of thinking about the development of advanced uses of the silkworm byproducts and wastes.