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Changes in Cuticular Wax Composition of Two Blueberry Cultivars during Fruit Ripening and Postharvest Cold Storage

Chu, Wenjing, Gao, Haiyan, Chen, Hangjun, Wu, Weijie, Fang, Xiangjun
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.11 pp. 2870-2876
Vaccinium corymbosum, Vaccinium virgatum, blueberries, cold storage, cultivars, epicuticular wax, fruits, ripening, storage temperature, storage time, triterpenoids
Cuticular wax plays an important role for the quality of blueberry fruits. In this study, the cuticular wax composition of two blueberry cultivars, ‘Legacy’ (Vaccinium corymbosum) and ‘Brightwell’ (Vaccinium ashei), was examined during fruit ripening and postharvest cold storage. The results showed that wax was gradually deposited on the epidermis of blueberry fruits and the content of major wax compounds, except that for diketones, increased significantly during fruit ripening. The total wax content was 2-fold greater in ‘Brightwell’ blueberries than that in ‘Legacy’ blueberries during fruit ripening. The total wax content of both cultivars decreased during 30 days of storage at 4 °C, and the variation of cuticular wax composition was cultivar-dependent. The content of diketones decreased significantly in ‘Legacy’ blueberries, while the content of triterpenoids and aliphatic compounds showed different fold changes in ‘Brightwell’ blueberries after 30 days of storage at 4 °C. Overall, our study provided a quantitative and qualitative overview of cuticular wax compounds of blueberry fruits during ripening and postharvest cold storage.