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Adhesive and Stimulus-Responsive Polydopamine-Coated Graphene Oxide System for Pesticide-Loss Control

Tong, Yujia, Shao, Leihou, Li, Xianlei, Lu, Jianqing, Sun, Huiling, Xiang, Sheng, Zhang, Zhenhua, Wu, Yan, Wu, Xuemin
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.11 pp. 2616-2622
Fusarium oxysporum, adhesion, bioactive properties, graphene oxide, hymexazol, nanocomposites, pH, surfactants, water solubility
Pesticide carrier systems are highly desirable in achieving the effective utilization of pesticides and reduction of their loss. In order to increase utilization and enhance pesticide adhesion to harmful targets, adhesive and stimulus-responsive nanocomposites were prepared using graphene oxide (GO) and polydopamine (PDA). The results demonstrated that graphene oxide with a layer of PDA had a high hymexazol-loading capacity. The release curve of hymexazol from the nanocomposite showed that the release was NIR-laser-dependent and pH-dependent. The adhesion-performance investigation demonstrated that Hy-GO@PDA exhibited greater hymexazol persistence than a hymexazol solution after a simulated-rainwash experiment, and it also left more hymexazol residue than a hymexazol solution with a surfactant under high concentrations. Finally, the bioactivity of the prepared hymexazol-loaded nanocomposite was measured against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cucumebrium Owen, and it showed an inhibition activity similar to that of the hymexazol solution. All of these revealed that GO with a PDA layer could serve as pesticide carrier to solve low-utilization and wash-off problems, especially for water-soluble pesticides.