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Enantioselective Bioaccumulation and Toxicity of the Neonicotinoid Insecticide Dinotefuran in Earthworms (Eisenia fetida)

Liu, Tong, Chen, Dan, Li, Yiqiang, Wang, Xiuguo, Wang, Fenglong
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.17 pp. 4531-4540
Eisenia fetida, acute toxicity, bioaccumulation, dinotefuran, earthworms, edaphic factors, enantiomers, enantioselectivity, endoplasmic reticulum, oxidative stress, reproduction, risk, soil, transcriptomics
The enantioselective bioaccumulation and toxicity of dinotefuran in earthworms were studied in this study. The results showed that S-dinotefuran accumulated faster than Rac-dinotefuran and R-dinotefuran in earthworms. The acute toxicity of S-dinotefuran was 1.49 and 2.67 times that of the Rac-dinotefuran and R-dinotefuran in artificial soil during 14 days of exposure. At 1.0 mg/kg, the three tested chemicals inhibited the growth and reproduction as well as induced oxidative stress effects in earthworms; however, the toxic effects induced by S-dinotefuran were the most serious. The transcriptome sequencing results showed that S-dinotefuran had stronger interactions to biomacromolecules and influences on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) than R-dinotefuran, which may be the main reason for enantioselectivities between the two enantiomers. The present results indicated that the risk of S-dinotefuran was higher than that of Rac-dinotefuran and R-dinotefuran in the soil environment to earthworms. Risk assessment of dinotefuran should be evaluated at the enantiomer level.