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Effect of Foods and β-Cyclodextrin on the Bioaccessibility and the Uptake by Caco-2 Cells of Hydroxytyrosol from Either a Pure Standard or Alperujo

Malapert, Aurélia, Tomao, Valérie, Dangles, Olivier, Reboul, Emmanuelle
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.18 pp. 4614-4620
absorption, beta-cyclodextrin, bioavailability, foods, human cell lines, in vitro digestion, intestines, models, test meals
Hydroxytyrosol bioaccessibility and absorption by the intestinal cells were studied using an in vitro digestion model and Caco-2 TC7 monolayers cells in culture in the presence and absence of β-cyclodextrin and foods. Hydroxytyrosol was either provided as a pure standard or in an alperujo powder. The presence of foods significantly decreased hydroxytyrosol bioaccessibility and absorption (−20 and −10%, respectively), while β-cyclodextrin had no effect. Moreover, the presence of other compounds from alperujo in the intestinal compartment reduced hydroxytyrosol absorption by Caco-2 cells compared to pure standard (−60%). The final bioavailability of hydroxytyrosol, defined as its quantity at the basolateral side of cultured cell monolayers compared to the initial amount in the test meal, was 6.9 ± 0.4, 31.1 ± 1.1, and 40.9 ± 1.5% when hydroxytyrosol was from alperujo or a standard administered with or without food, respectively. Our results show that conversely to foods, β-cyclodextrin does not alter hydroxytyrosol bioavailability.