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Chemical and Sensory Evaluation of Magnetic Polymers as a Remedial Treatment for Elevated Concentrations of 3-Isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazine in Cabernet Sauvignon Grape Must and Wine
- Liang, Chen, Ristic, Renata, Jiranek, Vladimir, Jeffery, David W.
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.27 pp. 7121-7130
- Capsicum, color, grape must, grapes, magnetism, odor compounds, odors, polylactic acid, pyrazines, sensory evaluation, wines
- 3-Isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazine (IBMP) is a potent odorant present in grapes and wines that is reminiscent of green capsicum. Suprathreshold concentrations can lead to obvious vegetative characters and suppress desirable fruity aroma nuances in wines, but options to manage IBMP concentrations are limited. This work investigated pre- and postfermentation addition of a putative imprinted magnetic polymer (PIMP) as a remedial treatment for elevated concentrations of IBMP in Cabernet Sauvignon grape must in comparison to nonimprinted magnetic polymer (NIMP) and to a commercially available polylactic acid (PLA) based film added postfermentation. Chemical and sensory analyses of wines showed that PIMP treatments were more effective than PLA film for decreasing “fresh green” aroma nuances without negatively impacting overall aroma profiles and that postfermentation addition of a magnetic polymer removed up to 74% of the initial IBMP concentration compared to 18% for PLA. Prefermentation addition of magnetic polymers removed 20–30% less IBMP compared to that of postfermentation addition but also had less of an effect on other wine volatiles and color parameters.