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Electrospun Chitosan/Poly(ethylene oxide)/Lauric Arginate Nanofibrous Film with Enhanced Antimicrobial Activity

Lingli Deng, Maierhaba Taxipalati, Aiping Zhang, Fei Que, Hewen Wei, Fengqin Feng, Hui Zhang
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.24 pp. 6219-6226
Escherichia coli, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Staphylococcus aureus, antimicrobial properties, aqueous solutions, cell membranes, chitosan, contact angle, crystal structure, electrostatic interactions, fluorescence, hydrogen bonding, hydrophilicity, melting point, nanofibers, physical properties, polyethylene glycol, thermal analysis
In this study, chitosan/poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO)/lauric arginate (LAE) composite nanofibrous films were fabricated via electrospinning. The addition of LAE did not change the physical properties of chitosan/PEO in acetic aqueous solutions, but increased the fluorescent intensity of chitosan by electrostatic interactions, resulting in uniform and bead-free nanofibers with an average diameter of 150 nm. The Fourier transform infrared spectra and thermal analysis indicated that the LAE molecules were homogeneously dispersed within the chitosan/PEO nanofibers. The formation of electrostatic and hydrogen bonding interactions induced by the LAE addition changed the inter- and intramolecular interactions between PEO and chitosan and further affected the mobility of the polymer molecules, leading to the increased crystallinity and decreased melting point. The hydrophilicity of the nanofibrous films was significantly increased by the incorporation of LAE, as indicated by the decreasing water contact angle from 39° to 10°. Meanwhile, the chitosan/PEO/LAE nanofibrous films showed LAE concentration dependent antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, suggesting enhanced antimicrobial activity. The fluorescent staining experiments demonstrated that the antimicrobial mechanism of the nanofibrous films was cell membrane damage.