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Flavonols and Carotenoids in Yellow Petals of Rose Cultivar (Rosa ‘Sun City’): A Possible Rich Source of Bioactive Compounds

Wan, Huihua, Yu, Chao, Han, Yu, Guo, Xuelian, Ahmad, Sagheer, Tang, Aoying, Wang, Jia, Cheng, Tangren, Pan, Huitang, Zhang, Qixiang
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.16 pp. 4171-4181
Rosa, bioactive compounds, corolla, cultivars, detectors, harvest date, high performance liquid chromatography, kaempferol, mass spectrometry, violaxanthin
Rose flowers have received increasing interest as rich sources of bioactive compounds. The composition of flavonols and carotenoids in yellow petals of Rosa ‘Sun City’ was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with photodiode array and mass spectrometric detectors (HPLC-PDA-MS). In total, 19 flavonols and 16 carotenoids were identified, some of which were first discovered in rose petals. Significant changes were observed in their profiles during seven blooming stages. Total flavonol contents showed the highest levels at stage 2 (S2; 1152.29 μg/g, FW). Kaempferol 7-O-glucoside and kaempferol 3-O-rhamnoside were the predominant individual flavonols. Total carotenoid concentration was highest at S4 (142.71 μg/g, FW). Violaxanthins with different geometrical configurations appeared as the major carotenoids across all blooming stages. These results indicated that ‘Sun City’ petals are rich sources of flavonols and carotenoids. Moreover, it is important to choose the appropriate harvest time on the basis of the targeted compounds.