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Secondary Metabolite Accumulation Associates with Ecological Succession of Endophytic Fungi in Cynomorium songaricum Rupr.

Cui, Jin-Long, Zhang, Yan-Yan, Vijayakumar, Vinod, Zhang, Gang, Wang, Meng-Liang, Wang, Jun-Hong
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.22 pp. 5499-5509
Cynomorium songaricum, community structure, correlation, developmental stages, ecological succession, ecosystems, endophytes, flavanols, fungal communities, fungi, gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, secondary metabolites, sugars, tannins, ursolic acid
Cynomorium songaricum Rupr. is a rare root-parasitic plant distributed in the desert ecosystem. Little is known about the role of endophytes in accumulation of metabolites in C. songaricum. Here, the correlations between the seven active components (total sugars, flavonoids, protocatechuic acid, catechins, tannins, gallic acid, and ursolic acid) and the endophytic fungi of C. songaricum were investigated, and their causal relationships are discussed further. The results showed that the accumulation of these components and the assembly of endophytic fungi changed with different plant developmental stages. Diverse relationships including positive and negative correlation were found among chemicals and endophytic fungal operational taxonomic units based on correlation coefficient matrices, which demonstrated that the accumulation of secondary metabolites in C. songaricum is closely related to the endophytic fungal community composition. These results present new opportunities to deeply understand plant–fungal symbioses and secondary metabolite productions.