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Effects of Cyclic Fatty Acid Monomers from Heated Vegetable Oil on Markers of Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Male Wistar Rats

Mboma, Jean, Leblanc, Nadine, Angers, Paul, Rocher, Amandine, Vigor, Claire, Oger, Camille, Reversat, Guillaume, Vercauteren, Joseph, Galano, Jean Marie, Durand, Thierry, Jacques, Hélène
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.27 pp. 7172-7180
analysis of variance, canola oil, diet, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, fatty acids, inflammation, interleukin-6, liquid chromatography, males, multiple comparison test, oxidative stress, rats, soybean oil, tandem mass spectrometry, vegetable oil
This study assesses the effects of cyclic fatty acid monomers (CFAM) from heated vegetable oils on oxidative stress and inflammation. Wistar rats were fed either of these four diets for 28 days: canola oil (CO), canola oil and 0.5% CFAM (CC), soybean oil (SO), and soybean oil and 0.5% CFAM (SC). Markers of oxidative stress and inflammation were determined by micro liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (micro-LC–MS/MS) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits, respectively. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) for a 2 × 2 factorial design was performed to determine the CFAM and oil effects and interactions between these two factors at P ≤ 0.05. For significant interactions, a post hoc multiple comparison test was performed, i.e., Tukey HSD (honest significant difference) test. CFAM induced higher plasma levels of 15-F₂ₜ-IsoP (CC, 396 ± 43 ng/mL, SC, 465 ± 75 ng/mL vs CO, 261 ± 23 ng/mL and SO, 288 ± 35 ng/mL, P < 0.05). Rats fed the SC diet had higher plasma 2,3-dinor-15-F₂ₜ-IsoP (SC, 145 ± 9 ng/mL vs CC, 84 ± 8 ng/mL, CO, 12 ± 1 ng/mL, and SO, 12 ± 1 ng/mL, P < 0.05), urinary 2,3-dinor-15-F₂ₜ-IsoP (SC, 117 ± 12 ng/mL vs CC, 67 ± 13 ng/mL, CO, 15 ± 2 ng/mL, and SO, 18 ± 4 ng/mL, P < 0.05), and plasma IL-6 (SC, 57 ± 10 pg/mL vs CC, 48 ± 11 pg/mL, CO, 46 ± 9 pg/mL, and SO, 44 ± 4 pg/mL, P < 0.05) than the other three diet groups. These results indicate that CFAM increased the levels of markers of oxidative stress, and those effects are exacerbated by a CFAM–high-linoleic acid diet.