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Combination of Selenomethionine and N-Acetylcysteine Alleviates the Joint Toxicities of Aflatoxin B1 and Ochratoxin A by ERK MAPK Signal Pathway in Porcine Alveolar Macrophages
- Hou, Lili, Zhou, Xuan, Gan, Fang, Liu, Zixuan, Zhou, Yajiao, Qian, Gang, Huang, Kehe
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.23 pp. 5913-5923
- acetylcysteine, aflatoxin B1, apoptosis, cytokines, enzyme activity, glutathione, immunotoxicity, lactate dehydrogenase, macrophages, messenger RNA, mitogen-activated protein kinase, ochratoxin A, reactive oxygen species, selenomethionine, signal transduction, small interfering RNA, swine, therapeutics
- Our previous studies showed that aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and ochratoxin A (OTA) could trigger joint immune toxicity. Little is known about the combined effects of selenomethionine (SeMet) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on the joint toxicities of the two toxins. In this study, results showed that SeMet or NAC alone or in combination significantly alleviated the downswing of cell viability, glutathione production, and phagorytosis induced by AFB1 and OTA in porcine alveolar macrophages. The uptrend of lactate dehydrogenase activities, apoptosis, reactive oxygen species levels, and the relative mRNA of inflammatory cytokines triggered by the two toxins was decreased. Combination of them was more effective than single application. Knockdown of p38, c-JUN N-terminal kinase (JNK), or extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) via use of the corresponding specific siRNA could alleviate the joint toxicities of AFB1 and OTA. However, the ERK but not p38 or JNK pathway was involved in the protection of SeMet and NAC against the immunotoxicity. In conclusion, combination of SeMet and NAC might be a new therapeutic orientation for preventing the joint toxicities induced by AFB1 and OTA.