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Aquatic oligochaete fauna (Annelida, Clitellata) in Lake Tonle Sap and adjacent waters in Cambodia

Ohtaka, Akifumi
Limnology 2018 v.19 no.3 pp. 367-373
Enchytraeidae, Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri, Naididae, Tubifex tubifex, epiphytes, fauna, forests, habitats, lakes, littoral zone, submerged aquatic plants, surveys, watersheds, Cambodia, Mekong River
In surveys conducted during 2000–2005, 39 taxa of aquatic oligochaetes belonging to the families Enchytraeidae and Naididae were found in Lake Tonle Sap in the Mekong River Basin, Cambodia. Dominated by naidines and pristinines (29 taxa), they mainly comprised widely distributed species as well as South Asian and Southeast Asian species. Among the four areas studied, the littoral regions of the lake—where inundated forests and aquatic vegetation developed during the flooded seasons—presented the highest number of species. Submerged vegetation in the littoral Lake Tonle Sap harbored abundant epiphytic oligochaetes, especially Stylaria fossularis. In contrast to the rich abundance of naidine and pristinine fauna, tubificines and ryhacodrilines were scarce in and around the lake, irrespective of the vegetation in their habitats. Several Aulodrilus species and Branchiura sowerbyi were the main representatives of the benthic oligochaete assemblages throughout the offshore zone of the lake without vegetation. It is noteworthy that the widely distributed tubificines Tubifex tubifex and Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri were not found in any surveyed locality.