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Structure and diversity of bacterial communities in the fermentation of da-jiang

Zhang, Pengfei, Wu, Rina, Zhang, Ping, Liu, Yiming, Tao, Dongbing, Yue, Xiqing, Zhang, Ying, Jiang, Jing, Wu, Junrui
Annals of microbiology 2018 v.68 no.8 pp. 505-512
Acinetobacter, Erwinia, Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus, Tetragenococcus, Weissella, bacteria, bacterial communities, bioinformatics, fermentation, nutritive value, soybeans, starter cultures, China
Da-jiang is the traditional soybean fermented food which is popular in the world for a long time. In order to improve the quality and nutritional value of da-jiang, structure and diversity of bacterial communities in the fermentation of da-jiang were analyzed. Illumina MiSeq platforms coupled with bioinformatics approach were used in this study. In the first 28 days, the trends of bacterial abundance were similar in different regions which are increasing firstly, decreasing secondly, and rising again. The quantity of bacteria in post-fermentation is lower than pre-fermentation. In the fermentation of da-jiang, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria are the dominant phyla. The dominant genera in da-jiang from different regions are different: Tetragenococcus (58.1–73.0%) is the dominant genus in da-jiang from Xinmin; Leuconostoc (9.2–25.7%) is the dominant genus in da-jiang from Tieling; Acinetobacter (8.7–25.1%) and Leuconostoc (12.4–22.0%) are the dominant genera in da-jiang from Shenyang. Additionally, Weissella, Lactobacillus, Staphylococcus, Erwinia, and Pseudomonas also were found in da-jiang. It is identified that Leuconostoc steadily existed in all da-jiang samples. These results demonstrate the diversity of microbes in traditional fermented da-jiang, which will probably provide a data basis for choosing starter culture for da-jiang industrial fermentation.